Knowing how to recognize the olfactory family of a fragrance and being able to identify the most pleasant for our sense of smell and for our skin allows us to understand which perfume is closest to our taste without necessarily having to smell or try it.
The main categories into which the olfactory families are divided are 7, each of these families can then be further divided into many other sub-categories or intersections to ensure that each perfume can always be unique and special. So let's get to know the main 7 olfactory families:
Esperidata, Citrus or Citrus:
are the combinations that are rich in citrus fruits such as:
bergamot , lemon, grapefruit, mandarin and orange or exotic citrus fruits , such as lime or yuzu. The part that is used is the peel of the fruit. The "citrus" mainly characterize both male and female colognes and are characterized by freshness and lightness .
Floral or floral:
all the great varieties of flowers present in nature belong to this extended family, today synthetic molecules are also used to recreate the scent of rare flowers or in any case too delicate to be treated with traditional methods; this is the family that houses more than half of the women's fragrances . The perfume can be obtained from a single flower (Solifiore), or from several flowers (Bouquet).
is the olfactory family dedicated mainly to men's eau de toilettes .
Aromatic plants are present in the aromatic compositions which transmit freshness and liveliness to the fragrances. Lavender takes first place among the most used plants.
this name is of French origin and indicates the fern plant, but its composition has nothing to do with the smell of the fern. It is a fancy name with which fragrances characterized by a base that can be of: lavender, geranium, vetiver, oakmoss and coumarin or tonka bean are identified, to which more or less fresh hints are then added that enhance the personality.
it is very interesting to discover the birth of this fifth olfactory family because the first time this composition was created, by the hand of Francois Coty, it was with the aim of recreating the atmosphere of the island of Cyprus, hence the name "Cipriata ”. It is always composed of bergamot, rose, jasmine, oakmoss , patchouli and labdanum.
the woody notes give the fragrances a warm inclination and are characterized by the presence of dry woods such as cedar or vetiver, and by soft woods such as sandalwood or amber woods.
Recently this olfactory family has also been enriched with exotic woods.
Oriental or amber:
this composition features fragrances with warm, sweet, persistent and sensual tones.
The main elements are vanilla , spices and musks.
Essentia today offers a wide range of AIR FRESHENERS FOR LAUNDRY, all our Essences are ISS certified and available in 10 fragrances , so as to satisfy everyone's olfactory needs:
ARGAN, LOTUS FLOWER, TALC, WHITE MUSK, COTTON FLOWER, VANILLA AND BERGAMOT, FERN, CITRUS AND ZAGARA, LAVENDER, TIARE MONOI and a NEUTRAL SOFTENER ideal to combine with the above listed Essences
The olfactory pyramid
Once the olfactory family of the fragrance has been identified, what contributes to determining a perfume is the scent and development of the essences or raw materials in the fragrance.
In this regard we speak of " Olfactory Pyramid ", which means the degree of evaporation of the components and their persistence , which is divided into three olfactory planes better known as:
top notes, heart notes and base notes.
The top notes are the first to be perceived and are particularly volatile, as they fade after a few minutes.
The heart notes are more persistent and are what give the fragrance its distinctive character. They make up the central part of the perfume, creating the famous "trail". To perceive them it is necessary to wait at least 15 minutes, otherwise only the top notes will capture our attention.
The base notes are olfactory notes with great persistence and accompany us even when the top and heart notes have faded. It is the notes that give the fragrance substance and depth, and even if the top notes determine the choice of perfume, the base notes indicate its fidelity.
For the purpose of choosing the perfume it is therefore necessary to wait at least 24 hours to fully appreciate and get to know the true soul of the fragrance, also taking into account the fact that each perfume varies according to the acidity of the skin, which is why not all perfumes they have the same effect on each of us.